Yorkshire Terrier Breed Information
What is known is that the breed sprang from three different dogs. It is believed that the Yorkie’s lineage includes the Manchester Terrier, Dandie Dinmont and the Paisley terriers. The Maltese and Skye Terrier was breed for their beautiful long silky coat. What many people love in the Yorkshire Terrier is the adorable baby face features that come out in the Yorkshire Terriers. If this look is what you desire the most in your Yorkshire Terrier you may consider a Morkie. Breeding the Yorkshire Terrier to a pure breed Maltese brings out a stronger baby face and more desirable silky soft coat texture. Making the Morkie now the top # 2 designer breed in the world.
Coat: Consists of very long, silky hair. The color is golden-brown with steel-grey.
Character: Yorkshire Terriers become very attached to their families. They are lively, intelligent and bark when they sense danger.
Temperament: This dog is tolerant of children, provided that they respect its territory. It can be a bit too brave occasionally when dealing with larger dogs but gets along fine with cats and other household pets.
Care: When kept long Intensive brushing and combing of the coat is required on a daily basis. If this is too time-consuming, the coat should be trimmed by a groomer. The hair is kept out of the eyes by a rubber band or a bow. The ears must be checked and loose hairs must be removed from ear passages.
Training: If training is consistent, this breed will learn quickly.
Activity: The exercise needs of this dog are uncomplicated. It will adapt itself to the activity level of your family.
Originally called the Scotch Terrier, he was brought to Yorkshire, England by Scottish weavers. In terms of popularity, in 2005 the AKC ranked it as the 3rd most popular breed in the United States. The Yorkshire Terrier is a vigorous small dog with a long, profuse silky, steel blue and gold coat. Puppies are born black with tan points and generally come into their adult coat after about one year. The full adult coat is parted down the middle of the spine and hangs down long enough to touch the ground. The delicate head is flat, with a medium length muzzle topped by a cute black button nose. The eyes are bright and dark with dark rims. The ears are small, erect and triangular. Hair on the ears is dark. They typically weigh between 3 to 7 pounds and stand 7 to 8 inches high. This breed can be spirited and willful or bright and quick to learn. They are self-confident, affectionate and very lovable. You will also find them lively and inquisitive, physically and mentally quick. This breed spends a lot of time dashing around checking things out.
Coat Texture: Silky Soft. Some Yorkshire Terriers that come from breeders that do not feed their breeding stock a premium brand of dog food with the required nutrients for their coat may be very wirey & wooly. Normally found at a quick cash breeder or puppy mill. Finding a quality breeder is important if you want a Yorkshire Terrier with a great coat. However it will also be your responsibility to maintain their coat with regular grooming, premium shampoo and a premium brand of dog food that with provide the nutrients needed to maintain a healthy silky coat texture.
Shedding: Non-Shedding - Hypoallergenic
Coat Color: Black & Gold * Black & White Parti Colored * Black & Silver * Brown & White Parti Colored
Characteristics: Excellent companion dogs. When treated well they rarely develop bad habits of biting or scratching. They have a tendency to bond strongly with one person, but can still be affectionate to other members in the family.
Personality: Yorkies are easily adaptable to all surroundings, travel well and make suitable pets for many homes. Due to their small size, they require limited exercise, but need daily interaction with their people.
As with all animals they each have a personality all their own, which will develop and mature when loved cared for.
Temperament: Affectionate, yet very alert to sound. Considering their diminutive size, the Yorkshire Terriers seems to be without fear. Their trust and affectionate responsiveness are very appealing. Some can be very lively and playful as well as vigorous.
Maintenance: Low to Medium
Health: Yorkies are known to be one of the healthiest small breeds available. Very rare that they would pass down any genetic health problems.
Grooming: May be kept in a short puppy cut or long. Will need to be professionally groomed every 4 to 6 weeks.
May be able to go up to 8 weeks if hair is shaved or cut very short.
Teeth: Teacup & Toy Dog Breeds - Must be cleaned every 12 to 16 months.
Price: Maltese & Yorkshire Terrier are a known as one of the most expensive small breeds available.
Average price for a high quality Maltese will range from $1,500.00 to $5,000.00
Average price for a high quality - Size Guaranteed Super Tiny Teacup will range from $500.00 to $25,000 & up to $50,000 during peak season. ( Christmas, Valentines, Mother's Day, Father's Day)
Life Expectancy: Up to 15 years
Travel: Loves to travel by car or airlines. Very curious of their surroundings and greatly love riding in a car seat.
Training: Yorkshire Terrier can be moderate to difficult to house-train. They require consistency of their owner and do best with an experienced dog trainer.
If you live a busy lifestyle and prefer a dog that is easy to train we recommend that you consider a Morkie. Read more about Maltese Trainability to understand why Morkies are easier to train.
Training and socialization also play key roles in how a Yorkshire Terrier turns out. They are much like a Maltese. If you treat them like a helpless baby they are likely to end up overdependent and insecure. Treating them like an intelligent little dog, teaching them tricks, and simple voice commands will encourage them to strut out into the world with self-confidence.
Very sensitive and responsive to non-forceful training.
They train very quickly to a doggie door, puppy pad or designated area outdoors.
Train best with the crate training method and are quick to alert you when they need to go potty.
Crate training method teaches a dog to signal you and keep their home clean and dry.
You can read more about crate training, keeping them on a schedule and the importance of consistency on our training page.
Excercise: Even though they enjoy daily walks, it is not required. Yorkies are easily adaptable to all surroundings, travel well and make suitable pets for many homes. Due to their small size, they require limited exercise, but need daily interaction with their people.
Watchdog: Excellent guard dog/watch dog. They make them excellent guard dogs because they will sound the alarm when anyone gets near. Must be taught to stop barking with a simple voice command to avoid excess barking.
Barking: Bark when excited or very sensitive to sound. Some can be yappy or high strung, if not trained properly.
If the puppy has a mild, calm temperament it most likely will not be high strung as an adult.
Eating Habits: Their coat texture require that they be feed high quality brand of dog food. We highly recommend that they be feed a food that is breed specific. Also known to have picky appetite.
It is important that you find a premium brand of dog food that they like at a early age, beacuse they are not happy with cheap dog food and will let you know right from the start.
We recommend Royal Canin - Baby Dog for new puppies beacuse it is the most flavorful dog food on the market.
If not available in your area you may also want to consider Eukanuba or Science Diet.
Yorkshire Terriers require a combination of vitamins and minerals that contribute to healthy skin and a shiny coat, that is why breed specific food is highly recommended for this breed.
ROYAL CANIN - BREED SPECIFIC DOG FOOD
Perhaps the most notable trait of the Yorkshire Terrier is the coat. The coat is unique in that it does not shed, but instead grows continuously, much like human hair. Another distinct feature is that there are no secondary hairs in the follicles, and thus Yorkies have no undercoat. The hair and skin can require up to 35% of the daily protein intake.
To provide adequate nutrition for this constant hair growth, Yorkshire Terrier 28 provides high quality protein that is particularly high in sulfur-containing amino acids (which necessary for hair growth). It also contains an increased amount of trace elements like copper and zinc which are essential cofactors for hair growth. Other nutrients of importance are vitamins and lipids. Yorkshire Terrier 28 provides both Omega 3 and Omega 6 unsaturated fatty acids. Biotin and vitamin A are also augmented.
Yorkies have a high incidence of dental disease. The accumulation of plaque gradually leads to tartar formation. The results are gingivitis, gum recession, and tooth loss. These problems occur even in Yorkies. To help improve oral hygiene, Yorkshire Terrier 28 provides some innovative solutions to the dental problems. Royal Canin has developed a unique kibble that encourages more chewing. The size and shape provide a kibble that is easily grasped and chewed. The kibble is extruded longitudinally which allows the teeth to penetrate further into the kibble before breaking causing a "brushing" action. A calcium-binding agent helps prevent tartar formation as well.
Like many small breed dogs, Yorkies exhibit exceptional longevity. With this increased life span comes the increased prevalence of age-related diseases. Heart disease, renal disease, and arthritis are not uncommonly reported. Yorkshire Terrier 28 provides a complex of antioxidants to combat free radicals and slow the ageing process. Vitamin E, vitamin c, and polyphenols from green tea and grapefruit have been added. Glucosamine and chondroitin are also present in this formula to slow cartilage degeneration associated with arthritis.
Yorkies have a reputation as fussy eaters. Royal Canin has added the Exclusive Savor to Yorkshire Terrier 28 to provide exceptional palatability for those picky pets. High quality ingredients, taste and aroma enhancers, unique kibble design, and packaging designed for freshness are all features of this system. ( Credit to Royal Canin Web Site )
EUKANUBA - BREED SPECIFIC
Eukanuba Yorkshire Terrier is specifically made to nourish overall health including dental, skin and coat, and immune system health of the Yorkshire Terrier. This formula provides omega fatty acids, Zinc and Copper for healthy skin and a beautiful coat; a specially coated kibble that helps to reduce the formation of tartar; and powerful antioxidants such as vitamin E to help your Yorkshire Terrier have a strong immune system. FOS, a natural Prebiotic, is included to support your Yorkshire Terrier's strong defenses from within the digestive tract.
EXTRA NUTRITION FOR YORKSHIRE TERRIERS
Dental Care +: Small and crunchy kibble designed to help clean teeth
Optimal Digestion +: FOS to promote digestive health
Skin and Coat Health +: Guaranteed zinc, copper and Omega fatty acids to help improve coat luster
OUR HIGHEST QUALITY INGREDIENTS
FOS (fructooligosaccharides): This Prebiotic works in your dog's digestive tract to support his strong defenses.
Chicken as the #1 Ingredient: Real chicken as the #1 ingredient provides an excellent source of protein.
Antioxidants: Made with antioxidants such as Vitamin E to support your dog's immune system.
Natural Fish Oil: Natural fish oil provides omega-3 fatty acids for healthy skin and coat.
100% Nutrition, 0% Filler: Your dog deserves the best, so there’s no room for fillers like artificial preservatives, artificial flavors or colors in our food. In fact, every carefully chosen ingredient serves a specific purpose in promoting your dog’s overall health. It’s our 100% commitment to you and your dog.
Wholesome Grains: Made with highly digestible barley and grain sorghum to help maintain healthy blood sugar and energy levels.
DentaDefense®: Crunchy kibbles with a coating of micro- crystals scrub your dog's teeth with every bite, reducing plaque and tartar buildup that can lead to bad breath.
( Credit to Eukanuba web site: http://www.eukanuba.com/en-US/product/yorkshire-terrier-formula.jspx )
ORIGIN: The Yorkshire Terrier breed sprang from five different dogs. Customers that demand a pure breed may want to consider the origin of the breed. It is believed that the Yorkie’s lineage includes:
1. Manchester Terrier
2. Dandie Dinmont Terrier
3. Paisley Terriers
4. Paisley Terrier: Terrier type of dog from Great Britain. The breed is now extinct.
5. Maltese or Skye Terrier were also used in breeding for their beautiful long silky coat.
What many people love in the Yorkshire Terrier is the adorable baby face features that come from the Maltese breed.
Learning about the breeds listed above will also help you to understand why some Yorkshire Terriers have a long nose and others have a shorter nose.
If this look is what you desire the most in your Yorkshire Terrier you may consider a Morkie. Breeding the Yorkshire Terrier to a pure breed Maltese brings out a stronger baby face and more desirable silky soft coat texture. Making the Morkie now the top # 2 designer breed in the world.